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As usual, I will start by looking at the wikipedia article on this book. "The primary purpose of the Letter to the Hebrews is to exhort Christians to persevere in the face of persecution." So basically this book is going to be all about building up a persecution complex...awesome. Authorship is unknown, and it seems the best guess on the date it is written is 63 or 64. That seems more specific that I would have thought they could get it, given that they don't know who wrote it, but apparently they look at how certain topics are covered (or not mentioned) and they can make a pretty good guess as to when it was written.
The Supremacy of God's Son (v. 1-14)
God used to speak to us through prophets, but now he instead talks to us through Jesus. After purifying our sins, Jesus sat down next to God, he is superior to all, even the angels.
That seems to be the gist of this entire chapter. The rest is just examples of things God has said about Christ and about the angels as evidence of this point. There are a few verses which I found interesting which I will discuss.
v3 "...he [Jesus] upholds the universe by the word of his power"
That is quite a statement, the universe itself would fall apart if not for Jesus holding it together.
v7 "of the angels, he [God] says "He makes the angels winds, and his minsters a flame of fire"
I didn't know what the hell this meant, so I did a compare translation. Instead of winds, some say spirits. Perhaps the implication is that angels used to be flesh and blood like us, but now they are ethereal? I don't really know what flame of fire is supposed to mean, maybe it is a mark of power? Or maybe intensity. Hopefully the christian commentaries will have an idea.
Gill seems to generally agree with me that the flame thing seems to point to power.
v8 "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever"
v10-11 "You laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the work of your hands; they will perish, but you remain"
This I find very interesting, and I have no idea what to make of it. My understanding is that God's throne is supposed to be in heaven, and the throne will live on forever. But God created heaven and earth, and they both with perish. I guess v12 also says they will be changed like a garment, perhaps the throne is supposed to be transferred?
Guzik seems to focus on the fact that Jesus is forever, but he doesn't really talk about the fact that heaven will perish
Gill says that the heavens will perish in their current form, but they stuff they are made of will not, and it will be reformed. I suppose this makes as much sense as anything.
v13 And to which of the angels has he ever said, "sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet"?
Given that we are contrasting what God has said to angels and Jesus, it is clear to me that the message is God has never said this to the angels, but he has said it to Jesus. God sure is a violent fellow isn't he?
No one I saw addressed the fact that God is violent, but Guzik did have something interesting to say about "sit at my right hand", he pointed out that by comparison the angels do not sit but they have to stand, so the fact that Jesus has to stand proves he really has the right to be there. He said "there are no seats for the angels around the throne of God, because they are constantly busy praising God and serving Him." I wonder, when humans get to heaven, do they have to also busy themselves constantly praising God? That does not sound like a pleasant afterlife to me.
For the overview post (If you think I should add or remove stuff from this list please let me know, I think it would make good conversation)
1:13 God is violent
"And to which of the angels has he ever said, "Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet"?"