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As usual, with a new book let's take a look at the wikipedia page. Apparently this book was written to counter the idea that Jesus came in spirit only, and not in the flesh. It seems pretty highly agreed upon by scholars that this book was written by the same person who wr['ote the gospel of John and 2&3 John. It also seems pretty highly agreed upon that it was written at the end of the first century.
The Word of Life (v. 1-4)
"the life" was made manifest to us by God. We have seen it, heard it, touched it, and now we are telling everyone about it so that they can have fellowship with us.
I'm not exactly sure what "the life" is, but my best guess is Jesus himself. At any rate, what is being said here, is that John and his friends have seen this thing that they are excited about. They are telling everyone about it so they can worship along with them. Although I would argue that this is misguided, I think their intentions are quite good here. These people have seen something that they think is miraculous and makes them very happy, and they are trying to share that with everyone.
Walking in the Light (v. 5-10)
God is light, so we should walk in the light to be with God and have fellowship with one another. To do this we must confess our sins. If we claim to have no sin, we are liars and we walk in the dark, we also make Jesus a liar and his words are not in us.
This message is basically that we are all sinners, this is a big message for Christianity and as far as I am concerned is completely toxic. The very idea that claiming to be without sins automatically makes us a liar is terrible. What a horrible view of humanity must be necessary to believe such a statement. Also, I don't understand how us lying leads to Jesus also being a liar.
According to Guzik, if we confess our sins then we can be in the light and have fellowship, but we are not sin free, this avoids a potential apparent contradiction where it says confession cleanses us of sins but if we say we are sin free we are lying. You would think "being cleansed of sin" and "having no sin" would be the same, but apparently not.
For the overview post (If you think I should add or remove stuff from this list please let me know, I think it would make good conversation)
1 John 1:3 You should share good things in life with other people
"that which we have seen and heard we proclaim also to you, so that you too may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ."
1 John 1:8 We are all sinners
"If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us."